Bladder cancer originates from the cells of the urinary bladder. Abnormal growth of cells in the urinary bladder can form tumour, which can become cancerous and spreads to other areas of the body over time. The urinary bladder is an organ situated in the lower pelvis, which is mainly responsible for storing urine.
Bladder cancer is also more common in Caucasians and older people over the age of 55.
The prognosis of bladder cancer is about 77% five-year survival rate. The most common type of bladder cancer is urothelial carcinoma, also known as Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC).