Prostate cancer is the most common types of cancer in men after skin cancer. According to statistics, about 1 out of every 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is a cancer that originates in the prostate – a small gland of the male reproductive system. The prostate gland is located between the penis and bladder.
The prostate is responsible for producing fluid that makes up the seminal fluid or semen. The most common type of prostate cancer is adenocarcinoma. Prostate cancer develops when the cells in the prostate grow abnormally.
Men aged 65 or older and African-American men are more likely to develop prostate cancer. Men who have family history of prostate cancer or inherited genetic mutations for the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes are also more likely to develop prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer has a 100% five-year overall survival rate when there is no metastases and the cancer is still confined within the prostate.